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增收轮胎税——奥巴马政府如何解决中美贸易  

2009-07-26 08:32:34|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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                                                  A Case to Watch

                                      一个值得关注的事件

From the Washington Post:

来自华盛顿邮报的报道(英文):

A majority of the U.S. International Trade Commission recommended on Monday that President Barack Obama impose additional duties for three years on imports of low-cost Chinese tires the panel says are harming U.S. industry.

周一,多数美国国际贸易委员会委员建议,奥巴马总统在今后三年,对从中国进口的低成本轮胎增收关税,因为委员会认为中国轮胎会危机了美国同行业。

In a case seen as a test of how the Obama administration will cope with Chinese trade issues, four members of the six-member commission recommended that Obama impose additional duties of 55 percent in the first year, 45 percent in the second year, and 35 percent in the third year on imports of passenger vehicle and light truck tires from China.

这件事可以看作是种考验,就看奥巴马政府如何解决中国贸易问题。六位委员中的四位建议奥巴马,对从中国进口客运车和小型卡车轮胎增收关税,第一年增加55%,第二年45%,第三年35%。

"In our opinion, these tariff levels would remedy the market disruption that we have found to exist," the four said in a statement. The complaint was brought by the United Steelworkers union, which said a surge of Chinese tire imports have cost thousands of U.S. jobs.

"我们认为,这样的关税水平能弥补我们所发现的现存的市场分裂。"四位委员曾这样说道。这是来自美国钢铁工人联合会的抱怨,他们认为中国轮胎激增的进口额减少了美国数千个工作岗位。

Two other members of the commission disagreed, saying Obama should take no "trade-restricting" action because this would do more harm than good....

其余两位委员并不赞同,他们认为奥巴马不应该采取"贸易限制"的措施,因为这样弊大于利…

Trade experts are watching to see whether Obama, who criticized China for what he called unfair labor practices during his campaign and won strong labor support in his bid for the White House, will be tougher on China than predecessor George W. Bush. Bush routinely rejected petitions for restricting Chinese imports.

贸易研究专家正在关注奥巴马,看他是否会比前任布什对中国更加强硬。奥巴马在竞选时,因为被他称作不公平的劳工措施而批评中国,并在竞选总统时又赢得了大量的劳工支持。而布什通常都会拒绝有关限制中国进口的请愿。

President Obama's views about international trade are still something of a mystery. As a senator and presidential candidate he seemed like a protectionist, but once elected he hired a bunch of free traders as economic advisers.

奥巴马总统对国际贸易的观点还是个谜。在他还是议员和总统候选人时,他似乎更像是一个贸易保护主义者(英文),但是竞选成功后,他却雇了一群自由贸易主义者来当他的经济顾问。

Larry Summers once said of Barack Obama, "When I’ve heard him talk about economic issues—with the exception of NAFTA, where I just hope he doesn’t believe what he says—he seems intelligent and serious. I wouldn’t say I’m bowled over by the brilliance of anything I’ve heard, but everything has a kind of thoughtfulness to it that’s sort of impressive." That is, even the president's chief economic adviser was discomfited by his campaign rhetoric concerning international trade.
Larry Summers

曾经这样谈起(英文)奥巴马,"我在听他谈论经济问题时,不包括NAFTA(北美自由贸易协定),我只是希望,他不是真的相信他自己所说的话——他看似又有头脑又严肃。我并不是说,我对我听到的漂亮的话而感到吃惊,但是所有的事都有其周到的一面,这让我印象深刻。"那么,哪怕是总统的首席经济顾问也不满意总统在竞选时,对国际贸易所作出的评价。

This Chinese tire case may be one indication of the president's true feelings about trade. So let's wait and see what happens.

这次的中国轮胎事件,可能表明了总统对贸易的真实感觉。让我们静观其变吧。

 


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