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追随生命的激情  

2009-04-16 21:40:52|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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中文博主按:这当然是我的美女同事译的.她在来信里,说:看了这样的建议,"我们是不是应该停止工作了?"这是她的俏皮话。她说法语说得好极了,我知道,法语给人浪漫的情怀,我也很喜欢听她说的法语。听她的俏皮话,就像听她的法语一样,有一种期待中的快乐。

Saturday, February 24, 2007

Advice for New Junior Faculty

A reader emails me:

有读者来信:

I'veread your "Advice for..." blog posts with interest. They're trulyhelpful. But now I've finished the job market and I have a tenure-trackposition at a research university. Can you post an "Advice for JuniorFaculty" next?

我饶有兴趣地拜读了您的“建议……”博客系列,对我帮助很大。现在我找到了工作,在一家研究型大学,获得了一个职位,有可能成为终身职位。您能再写一篇“给年轻同仁的建议”吗?

Okay, here goes:

以下就是:

  • Your focus should be on getting papers published in refereed journals. Everything else is secondary.

首要的就是发表文章,而且是在匿名审稿的杂志上。其他的都是次要的。

  • Donot be a perfectionist. It is tempting to keep revising yourdissertation chapters until you are completely satisfied with thembefore sending them off to a journal. The problem is that you may neverbe completely satisfied. Meanwhile, the editorial review process isunconscionably long, and your tenure review is approaching. So don'tdelay. If you just got a job as an assistant professor at Bigshot University, aim to send your dissertation research to journals before you arrive at Bigshot to start teaching.

不要追求完美。很多人会忍不住,在论文交出去之前,一直修改到完全满意为止。问题在于,也许你永远也不会完全满意。同时,编辑评论的过程太长,而教职的评定又不断逼近。因此,不要迟疑。如果你刚好在大牌学校找到了助理教授的职位,在你去学校上课之前,就得把论文发给杂志。

  • Itpays to be a good teacher and a good citizen in your department: Yoursenior colleagues will be more likely to want to keep you around. Butdon't deceive yourself into thinking that great teaching or citizenshipwill make up for a paucity of published research.

到所在的系里,做一个好老师,做一个好市民,是值得的。这样,那些资格比你老的同事就更愿意把你叫在身边。但是,不要自己骗自己,成为杰出的讲课大师或者成为优秀的市民,不可能弥补没有文章的缺憾。

  • Forwomen and minorities: Be especially wary of invitations to sit onuniversity committees. I have noticed that deans and other universityadministrators like to promote diversity on their committees. Theynever seem to figure out that, as a result of this "tax" on women andminorities, we white males are left alone with more time to pursue ourresearch.

对于女性和少数裔教员:要特别当心来自大学委员会的邀请。我注意到,院长和其他一些学校行政管理者,喜欢促进委员会的多样性。他们从来没有料到,这如同对女性和少数裔教员“征税”一般,而我们这些白人男性有了更多的时间做研究。

  • Attendconferences and give seminars at schools to publicize your work andyourself. The people in the audience may one day be in a position tohire you or write letters of evaluation about you.

在学校里参加会议,并发起讨论会,推广你的工作和你自己。有些听众,有朝一日可能会手握大权,给你工作,或者给你写评价意见。

  • Tenure review committees give a lot of attention to where papers are published (perhaps too much, in light of this work by Andrew Oswald).Give each of your papers a shot or two at the top journals, such as theAER, JPE, or QJE. Even if you are not confident in the paper, it isworth a try for two reasons. First, as author, you are not in the bestposition to judge its quality; some people are too fond of their ownwork, and some are too hard on it. Let the editors decide. Second, theeditorial process is highly imperfect. (Again, see Oswald.) The badnews is that some of your best articles may end up getting rejectedfrom the top journals. The good news that you may get lucky, and someof your so-so articles may end up published in top journals simplybecause they hit the editor's desk when he is in a good mood.

职位评定委员会很看重文章的出处(也许是太看重了,根据Andrew Oswald的看法)。试着把你的文章投给顶尖杂志,如AER , JPE, 或者QJE,每篇文章都来那么一两次。即使自己不看好,但也值得试一下,理由有二。第一,作为作者,自己并不能很好地判断文章的质量;一些人特别喜欢自己的文章,有的人又太过苛刻。那就让编辑们来决定把。第二,编辑评审的过程非常不完善(同样的,见Oswald)。坏的一面是,你最好的文章可能被顶尖杂志枪毙掉。好的一面是,也许你很走运,一般的文章也可以在顶尖杂志上发表,原因仅仅是编辑在心情好的时候看到了它。

  • Donot get discouraged by rejection. It is part of the process. Learn whatyou can from the editors and referees and then take your paper toanother journal.

不要因为拒绝而气馁。这些都是过程的一部分。从编辑和审稿人那里学点什么,然后把文章投向另一个杂志。

  • Be on the lookout for good coauthors among your colleagues and students. See My Rules of Thumb for more discussion of this topic.

在你的同事和学生中,寻找好的合作者。在我的经验法则(My Rules of Thumb)中,对此有更多的讨论。

  • Avoidactivities that will distract you from research. Whatever you do, donot start a blog. That will only establish your lack of seriousness asa scholar.

避免那些干扰研究的活动。无论做什么,都不要开始写博客。那只会让你缺乏作为学者的严肃性。

  • Rememberthat you got into academics in part for the intellectual freedom itallows. So pursue your passions. Do not be too strategic. Be wary ofadvice from old fogies like me.
记住,进入学术界,部分原因在于它所提供的智力上的自由。所以,追随你的激情。不要太过功利。要小心那些老八路的建议,比如我自己。
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