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你的技能是低技能,你的出路在哪里?  

2009-04-06 13:32:01|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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The Welfare State and Immigration

Economist Paul Krugman takes on the difficult question of immigration in his NY Times column today. One of the hardest issues is highlighted by the contrast between these two passages:
经济学家克鲁格曼,在他的纽约时报专栏里,讨论了“移民”这个困难的话题。其中最困难的部分,最明显地表现在下面两段的相互对立之中。


1. "[M]odern America is a welfare state, even if our social safety net has more holes in it than it should -- and low-skill immigrants threaten to unravel that safety net. Basic decency requires that we provide immigrants, once they're here, with essential health care, education for their children, and more."

1.“现代美国,就是一个福利国家,虽说我们的社会安全网,还没有达到应有的水平,还有很多的洞洞眼眼——而且,低技能的移民,还有着威胁,想撕开这个安全网。人的基本体面,要求着我们,一旦移民到了美国,我们就要为他们的小孩提供本质的保健和教育,以及其他各种东西。“

2. "What are we going to do about it? Realistically, we'll need to reduce the inflow of low-skill immigrants. "

2.“我们应该怎么来对付这个问题呢?现实地说,我们需要降低低技能移民的流入。“

Krugman seems to be saying that basic decency requires being generous to poor immigrants, but that moral imperative in turn requires that we force them to stay in their home country, where they are even poorer. Yossarian would appreciate that logic.

老克似乎在说:基本的体面,是要求我们大方地对待那些贫穷的移民,但是,道德的必须,接着又要求着我们,要我们迫使他们留在他们的祖国,在那儿,他们甚至更穷。那个在战争中千方百计想生存下来的Yossarian,可能会赞成这个逻辑。

Here is how economist Gary Becker resolves the dilemma: "I am attracted by a policy that allows illegal immigrants to come, but denies them eligibility for any government assistance."

经济学家Gary Becker,是这样破解这个迷局的:“有一个政策,是:让非法移民来,但是,却否定他们得到任何的政策帮助的合法权。我觉得这个政策还是很不错的。”

Question for ec 10 students: How should American policymakers take into account the welfare of unskilled workers abroad? Does "basic decency" require us to do more once they cross the border into our country? Do the requirements of "basic decency" stop at the border, so we can wash 0ur hands of their suffering by keeping them out? Political philosopher Michael Sandel might know the answer to these questions, but economists are struggling with them.

思考题:美国政策决策者,应该如何考虑外国无技能工人的福利?当他们一旦穿越了国境,“基本的体面”,是否就要求着我们去做更多的事呢?“基本的体面”这个条件,是否就在边境上停下来了呢,把他们挡在边境线外,这样,对他们的痛苦,我们就变成了没事人儿了?政治哲学家Michael Sandel(社群主义哲学家)可能知道这些问题的答案,但是,经济学家却还在天人交战。

Update: Economist David Friedman offers his thoughts on this topic.

更新:经济学家David Friedman 关于这个问题,提出了他自己的想法。

你的技能是低技能,你的出路在哪里? - 曼昆 - N·格里高利·曼昆的博客

 

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