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N·格里高利·曼昆的博客

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美貌溢利:好看有"好处"!  

2009-03-30 20:58:06|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |
中文博主按:这是我远方的中文妹妹翻译的.她说:可以译得不好,语言可不能不好.《交趾异物志》里讲的孔雀作风。现在的用词叫“爱惜羽毛”。这种说法,也可能是美貌溢利的一个相反方面。这可能是曼昆没有想到的。




Another Reason to Envy Brad Pitt
羡慕Brad Pitt 的另一个理由----美貌溢利

My principles text includes a case study on the fact that more attractive people are paid more. (See the chapter on Earnings and Discrimination.) A new study on the beauty premium tells us more about the phenomenon:
我的论题中有一个调查案例,容貌有吸引力的人得到的报酬会更多(见收入与歧视章节),一项新的有关“美貌溢利”的调查,告诉我们这样一个现象:

My principles text includes a case study on the fact that more attractive people are paid more. 我的论题中有一个调查案例,容貌有吸引力的人得到的报酬会更多.

请查看曼昆的博客。 principles text 指的是他的满世界畅销的经济学原理的教科书。
Eugene Chen 点评。


Using a rich set of data from the College of Economics at the University of XX, we examine the effects of students’ physical appearance on examination results. We find evidence that beauty has a significant impact on academic performance, a result which is consistent with and comparable to the impact found in the labor market literature.
某大学经济学院的丰富数据显示:在调查研究学生的体貌特征对他们考试成绩的影响时,我们从这些调查数据中发现,姣好的容貌对学业成绩有很大影响。这个结果,与劳动力市场的相关文献中所说的效果,是一致的,可以参照的。

In addition, since we can compare student performances in oral and written exams, where in the latter the evaluation is blind, i.e., not influenced by physical appearance, we can in fact understand better the source of the “beauty premium”, that is disentangle productivity from discrimination effects. We find that the effect of beauty on academic performance cannot be ascribed to pure professor discrimination. One could then argue that to the extent that wages rise with educational attainments, our findings corroborate the hypothesis that the payoffs to beauty reflect differences in productivity.
另外,我们对学生的口试与笔试,进行了比较,在后一种情况的评估时,是看不到测试者的形体的,也就是说,它不受外表好坏的影响。这样,我们实质上,就能更好地理解"美貌溢利”问题的源起了,我们就可以把“歧视效应”从生产率分析中,分离出去了。我们发现,学业成绩受美貌影响,不能归咎于纯粹的教授歧视。人们可以争辩说,在某种程度上,薪水上升与学历有关,而我们研究的结果,与“美丽的得益水平反映了生产率的差异”这个假设,是相一致的。

Thanks to New Economist for the pointer
 
感谢New Economist的指点

FudanKuCha的译文:

(我翻译了半天,木然发现,,,你们已经讨论了好久……还是要展示给你们校地……)
Another Reason to Envy Brad Pitt
又有一个嫉妒布拉德·皮特的理由了

My principles text includes a case study on the fact that moreattractive people are paid more. (See the chapter on Earnings andDiscrimination.) A new study on the beauty premium tells us more aboutthe phenomenon:
我的经济学原理一书有一个案例研究,它是基于一个事实的:长得越有魅力的人收入越高。(参见“收入与歧视”这一章)。还有一个新的关于“美貌贴水(美貌溢利)”让我们对这一现象有了更多的了解:

Using a rich set of data from the College of Economics at theUniversity of XX, we examine the effects of students’ physicalappearance on examination results. We find evidence that beauty has asignificant impact on academic performance, a result which isconsistent with and comparable to the impact found in the labor marketliterature.
根据来自xx大学经济学院一系列丰富的数据,我们得以检验学生的长相对考试成绩的影响。我们找到了能够表明长相对在校成绩有着重要的影响的证据。这一结果既与在人力市场的文献中发现的现象相联系,也与其具有可比性。

In addition, since we can compare student performances in oral andwritten exams, where in the latter the evaluation is blind, i.e., notinfluenced by physical appearance, we can in fact understand better thesource of the “beauty premium”, that is disentangle productivity fromdiscrimination effects. We find that the effect of beauty on academicperformance cannot be ascribed to pure professor discrimination. Onecould then argue that to the extent that wages rise with educationalattainments, our findings corroborate the hypothesis that the payoffsto beauty reflect differences in productivity.
此外,由于我们对学生在口头面试和笔试——后者是在一种“盲目”的状态下,或者说是不被长相影响的状态下——的考试表现做了比较,事实上我们也就更确切地找到了“美貌贴水”的产生的源头:由于歧视效用而产生的生产力的解放。同时我们发现长相对成绩的影响并不能够完全归咎于教授的歧视。那接下来,就可以有人去探讨学术成就对工资的影响程度了,我们的发现就可以对一个假设提供佐证了,这一假设就是对美貌的报酬影响了生产率的差异。

Thanks to New Economist for the pointer
最后,这个点子还要多亏了“新经济学人”



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